Setu Bhartam Yojana-Modi Government: My country is changing, moving forward. This slogan was given by Narendra Modi’s government on completion of one year. Whether someone believes it or not, the country car has indeed moved forward. People raise the issue of GDP, raise the issue of unemployment but the truth is that the country is rapidly building bridges and roads. There is no need to tell how much bridges contribute to connecting India and bringing people closer, and the government is working vigorously on this.
The government has started a scheme called Sethu Bharatam through which bridges are being constructed on railway crossings. Needless to say how much time you and our waste on a railway crossing. Bridges have been built on the railway crossing on the expressway and the four-lane national highway, but there is a glut of railway crossings on the double lane national highway and the state highway. Once the crossing is jammed, then God is the master.
In view of this problem, the construction of the rail overbridge started under the Setu Bharatam scheme. Along with this, the old railway overbridge is also being repaired. Where needed, another bridge is also being constructed parallel to the bridge. Know in detail how many bridges are being built today. Under the Setu Bharatam scheme, 208 rails over bridges and rail under bridges are being constructed at a cost of 20 thousand 800 crores all over the country.
Most bridges are being built in Andhra under Setu Bhartam Yojana
Under this Setu Bhartam Yojana, most of the rail over bridges are being built in Andhra Pradesh. 33 rail over bridges or rail under bridges is being constructed here. Along with this, 12 in Assam, 20 in Bihar, 8 in Gujarat, 10 in Haryana, 5 in Himachal Pradesh, 11 in Jharkhand, 17 in Karnataka, 4 in Kerala, 6 in Madhya Pradesh, 12 in Maharashtra, 4 in Odisha, Punjab. 10 bridges are either under construction or completed in Rajasthan, 9 in Tamil Nadu, 2 in Uttarakhand, 9 in Uttar Pradesh and 22 in West Bengal.
Work under this scheme started in 2015 is going on fast. Many rails over bridges and rail under bridges have also been commissioned in many states. This has brought great relief to the people. The states where work is still being done are also being done on a war footing. In the first phase, 73 bridges were sanctioned out of which 90 percent have been handed over to the public. Rail over bridges of other states was also approved in a phased manner.
Repair of 1500 old bridges
Under the Setu Bhartam Yojana, 1500 such bridges across the country were also selected, which were in poor condition or had high traffic load. The ever-widening bridges became narrower as traffic load increased. In view of this, the government has started the work of improvement of 30 thousand bridges in a phased manner.
The bridges which were weakened are being repaired. The part of the bridge that had been greatly weakened has been replaced. Apart from this, a new bridge is also being built next to the bridges on which the load was high. The work of many is now on the verge of completion.
Details of 50 thousand bridges were prepared
The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has also established the Indian Bridge Management System at the Indian Academy for Highway Engineer, Noida in UP. Its objective is to survey the condition of all the bridges built on the national highways of the country with the help of mobile inspection units. 11 advisory committees have been formed for this work. So far, this committee has collected details after inspecting 50,000 bridges.
This committee will tell which bridge has any flaws and how it can be improved. The same committee will also suggest for the new bridge. Based on these suggestions, work will begin on the repair or widening of the remaining rail over bridge and flyover. There will be a separate provision for this for the budget. The government is trying to start the renovation and widening of the bridges as soon as possible.
Traffic is being diverted on the railway crossings on which bridges are being constructed. Pre-fabricated beams are used in the construction of bridges. Slabs are also being molded in many places. It is the railway’s job to mold the bridge just above the crossing. The rest of the bridge is constructed by the Ministry of Highways. In most places, the railway places an iron guard over the crossing on which the RCC is cast.
Work oil in Uttar Pradesh
The work of construction of over-bridge and under-bridge on railway crossing is the fastest in Uttar Pradesh. Here the rest of the bridges except one, two have been built. Work is also going on fast in Maharashtra. The slowest pace is in West Bengal. When all these works are completed, then work will start on the 50 thousand bridges that have been surveyed. Repair and widening of all bridges will take more than 10 years.
All bridges are toll-free
On national highways where toll is already charged, there is no separate toll for railway over bridge. On toll-free national highways, there will not be any toll on bridges. That is, it is absolutely free to come on the newly constructed rail over the bridge. Further, no toll will be taken on the bridges that will be constructed.
Bridges are either being constructed by government agencies or tenders have been taken out for this. The bridges whose construction has been awarded to private companies through tenders, their quality is being monitored by the officials of the Ministry as well as the third party. The agency designated by the Ministry monitors the quality of each bridge and gives its report.
On the basis of this report, improvements are made to the bridge. If the report is negative then a provision has been made to withhold payment of the company. Not only this, a heavy penalty will be imposed on the company which compromises the quality of the bridges, it will also be blacklisted. Being blacklisted means that this company will not be able to do government work again.
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